Common Diseases in Cats
Cats are a victim of several diseases. Even with the best care, they can contract diseases and infections. However, a basic understanding of most common diseases and its symptoms are a must – to detect them at the earliest and seek medical attention quickly. Treatment of diseases and infections, if prolonged, can be life threatening, incurable and critical at later stages. The severity of diseases that strikes felines is not that high as compared to dogs and most of the times, all it requires is a visit to a vet , to treat the problem. Nevertheless, it is important to provide your pet cat , a good, healthy and a long life.
- Feline calcivirus (FCV) – This disease accounts for almost 95% of all upper respiratory diseases in felines. Spread through direct contact with infected cats or objects like food dish or toy.
- Feline viral rhinotracheitis (FVR) – Also known as feline influenza. An airborne disease caused by feline herpes virus that affects the upper respiratory tract in cats. Symptoms are sneezing, coughing, loss of appetite and discharge from eyes and nose. It is contagious, cause’s death from pneumonia that especially affects kittens and senior cats.
- Feline Panleukopenia (FPV) – Also called feline distemper. Highly contagious viral disease transmitted through contact with an infected cat’s bodily fluids, feces or fleas. Symptoms include diarrhea, shivering, loss of co-ordination, vomiting, weakness and dehydration accompanied with a low white blood cell count. Mortality rate counts are high.
- Rabies – A fatal viral disease transmitted by the bite of infected animals like cat, bat, raccoon or dog. Affects the central nervous system and deteriorates the brain. An infected cat behaves in a bizarre or aggressive manner, develops aversion to water, agitation, depression, increasing the chances to bite another animal or person. In the later stages, the infected cat has trouble in moving, waking, stumbles a lot and eventually dies due to paralysis.
- Chlamydophila felis – Causes upper respiratory infections and conjunctivitis. Virus is transmitted through infected cats. Protect your pet cats from such infected cats and chances are that they will not need a vaccination. It has a low incidence rate.
- Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV) – Highly contagious viral disease that is transmitted by saliva, nasal secretions, urine and milk of infected cats. If not treated on time, this disease can be fatal and life threatening. It affects the immune system causing anemia and several forms of cancer. Symptoms include fever, anorexia, weight loss and anemia.
- Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) – Also known as feline AIDS, affects domesticated cats worldwide. Spreads through fighting and bite wounds. Symptoms include chronic infections, respiratory problems, illness, anorexia, diarrhea, vomiting, weight loss, pale mucous membranes and fever.
- Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP) – Viral disease that can take two forms: wet (involves fluid in the abdomen) and dry (no fluid detected in the abdomen). Symptoms include lethargy, vomiting, diarrhea and loss in appetite.
- Upper Respiratory Infections (URI) – Airborne viral disease that causes sneezing, runny eyes, fever and decreased appetite. It is spread through contact with infected cats and its litter boxes, food bowls and grooming tools.